By listening to the acoustic signal emitted by a laboratory-created earthquake, a computer science approach using machine learning can predict the time remaining before the fault fails. The machine-learning technique used in this project also identifies new signals that provide forecasting information throughout the earthquake cycle.
Some types of salmonella cause disease in food animals, like pigs. Others cause foodborne illness in humans. A new vaccine developed by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists in Ames, Iowa, protects against both human and animal disease-causing salmonella in food animals.
A new biosecurity initiative at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI) aims to identify and mitigate biological risks, both natural and manmade, and safeguard the future of the life sciences and associated technologies. The initiative advances the beneficial applications of the life sciences while reducing the risks of misuse by promoting research, education, and policy outreach in biological security.
As part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) ongoing efforts to support state, local, tribal, and territorial partners, Acting Secretary Elaine Duke announced final allocations of $288 million for six Fiscal Year (FY) 2017 DHS competitive preparedness grant programs. Preparedness grants strengthen the nation’s ability to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies.
National Guard weapons of mass destruction (WMD) civil support teams respond to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear incidents throughout the homeland and advise and assist local and civil authorities on response measures. A team's success can often be measured by how quickly it can analyze and identify the threat and provide the incident commander with an assessment for containing the situation.
Biological “detectives” are tracking biothreats, but they constantly face the challenge of avoiding false positives. Sounding the alarm over a bioattack, only to find it is a harmless relative in the same genus, reduces credibility and public trust. New work at Los Alamos National Laboratory is reducing confusion over Francisella bacteria, a few species of which include highly virulent pathogens.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Emergency Operations Center (EOC) was activated to address public health needs related to Hurricane Harvey and to deploy resources and personnel as requested. The EOC monitors and coordinates CDC-related activities in response to public health threats, including drowning and floodwater safety, carbon monoxide poisoning, downed power lines, unsafe food and water, mold, and other health risks.
Hurricanes can cause dangerous and destructive high winds, flooding, heavy rain, and storm surges. Keep your family safe after a hurricane has made landfall. There may be a risk of carbon monoxide poisoning, downed power lines, and mold, among others. Key recommendations and tips included.
As an additional measure in the fight against Zika virus, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that it has made available a panel of human plasma samples to aid in the regulatory evaluation of serological tests to detect recent Zika virus infection.