Reports

Review of the December 2021 Log4j Event

The scale and efficiency of our global technology infrastructure are made possible through the standardization of key building blocks. These reusable building blocks, while useful for creating software at scale, also create dependencies and risks that are often not understood until they manifest as a security issue. For example, a vulnerability in a software building block that is integrated into numerous other software packages means that every organization that uses those packages is at risk. It also means that system owners may not know where vulnerable software lives within their environments. When such a vulnerability is also easy for a threat actor to exploit to obtain broad control over a compromised system, it can create a once-in-a-generation security event. This is what happened with the Log4j vulnerability that came to public attention in December 2021. 

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Guide to Expanding Mitigation: Making the Connection to Older Adults

This Guide to Expanding Mitigation for Older Adults was created in partnership between FEMA and AARP, the nation’s largest advocacy organization representing the needs of Americans age 50 and older. It highlights the value of creating accessible communities for all ages. It also recommends ways for community officials to include older adults in efforts to reduce risk through hazard mitigation. That includes the planning and project development, implementation and evaluation processes. This guide serves as a starting point for community officials to discuss how these partnerships in mitigation can create more livable, accessible, and resilient communities for all. 

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FEMA Needs to Improve Oversight and Management of Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Property Acquisitions

Through grants to states, FEMA uses the HMGP to purchase properties that are flood damaged or in flood-prone areas, demolish any structures on them, and ensure they are maintained forever as open space. FEMA has acquired more than 32,000 properties for open space since 1989. This audit was conducted to determine whether FEMA is properly using the HMGP for property acquisitions. FEMA made four recommendations to help FEMA strengthen its property acquisition activities in this report. 

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Wildland Urban Interface: A Look at Issues and Resolutions

FEMA/DHS/USFA developed the “Wildland Urban Interface: A Look at Issues and Resolutions” to stimulate action by raising awareness of the crisis that our nation faces related to wildfire in the wildland urban interface and lay out a unified, strategic approach to risk reduction at the national, state, regional and local levels. 

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EMS Safety Practices

This report provides tools to support and strengthen fire and emergency medical services and stakeholders to prepare for, prevent, mitigate and respond to all hazards. The reports defines elemets of satefy, phyical and mental health, infection control, hazardous materials and protective equipment, emergency operations, vechicle operations and how to bring them all the tools together in one unit. 

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FEMA: Building Science Sheets

This collection of documents provide guidance on the hazard-resistant provisions in the building codes for property owners, engineers, design professionals, building codes officials, and the general public. 

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Budget of the U.S. Government - Fiscal Year 2023

The Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2023 contains analyses that are designed to highlight specified subject areas or provide other significant presentations of budget data that place the budget in perspective. This volume includes economic and accounting analyses, information on Federal receipts and collections, analyses of Federal spending, information on Federal borrowing and debt, baseline or current services estimates, and other technical presentations.  

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Report to the Secretary of Homeland Security Domestic Violent Extremism Internal Review: Observations, Findings, and Recommendations

At Secretary Mayorkas’ direction, a cross-Departmental working group of senior officials conducted a comprehensive review of how to best prevent, detect, and respond to potential threats related to domestic violent extremism within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The Secretary further emphasized that violent extremism “has no place at DHS”1 and directed the Department to “immediately begin a review of how to best prevent, detect, and respond to domestic violent extremism threats within DHS.” The recommendations in this report are a reflection of the groups findings. These recommendations are organized around the following five overarching areas: (1) establish baseline policies and guidance; (2) promote employee awareness; (3) enhance methods to identify and address violent extremist activity; (4) foster an integrated approach; and (5) ensure the protection of privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties. 

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CBP Border Patrol Stations and Ports of Entry in Southern California Generally Met TEDS Standards

During unannounced inspections in August 2021 of four U.S. Border Patrol facilities in the San Diego sector, and two Office of Field Operations ports of entry,  the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Office of the Inspector General observed that U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) generally operated in compliance with National Standards on Transport, Escort, Detention, and Search (TEDS).

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CBP Officials Implemented Rapid DNA Testing to Verify Claimed Parent-Child Relationships

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) piloted Rapid DNA technology to verify claimed parent-child relationships. ICE HSI implemented Rapid DNA testing at 11 locations across the southwest border. On 13 January 2020, the United States District Court, Southern District of California issued an order requiring DHS to test DNA before separating an adult and child based on concerns about the validity of a claimed parental relationship. 

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