A growing number of states, in the pursuit of geopolitical ends, are leveraging digital tools and social media networks to spread narratives, distortions, and falsehoods to shape public perceptions and undermine trust in the truth. An effective response to this challenge requires understanding the converging factors of technology, media, and human behaviors. This interdisciplinary review attempts to shed light on these converging factors, as well as the challenges and opportunities moving forward.
The purpose of the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP) Tsunami Information Guide is to serve as a general resource for information about tsunamis in the United States. It is written for anyone who wants to know more about tsunamis, the U.S. Tsunami Warning System, and how to prepare for tsunamis.
The Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security works to protect people’s health from the consequences of epidemics and disasters and ensure that communities are resilient to major challenges. This annual report shares some of the center’s past milestones and highlights their current work.
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) plays a critical role in protecting the U.S. from chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear (CBRN), and emerging infectious disease threats such as pandemic influenza and Zika virus. FDA is responsible for reviewing the safety and effectiveness of medical countermeasures (MCMs)—including drugs, therapeutic biologics, vaccines, and devices, such as diagnostic tests—to counter these threats. This is the FDA’s fiscal year 2018 report detailing its MCM activities.
The U.S. Fire Administration convened a symposium in 1994 to identify health and safety issues among women in the fire service and create recommendations for action. This report discusses recommendations from the 1994 symposium that continue to relate to health and safety issues among women fire fighters today.
The economic consequences of large-scale disease outbreaks can be enormous. Upgrading countries’ preparedness is relatively inexpensive and affordable. The financing gap for preparedness is one of the starkest problems in health security, especially among low-income and lower-middle-income countries. The World Bank Group’s International Development Association 2019 replenishment presents a choice opportunity to make adjustments that reflect important emerging priorities.
The use of fire as a weapon is consistently reflected in terrorist propaganda. The use of fire does not require sophisticated planning or capability by an attacker, which makes this an attractive method to cause harm to people and property. The use of fire as a weapon is unpredictable and may have few observable indicators. However, careful attention to warning signs could aid in mitigating a potential incident.
“Building and Measuring Community Resilience: Actions for Communities and the Gulf Research Program” summarizes the existing portfolio of relevant or related resilience measurement efforts and notes gaps and challenges associated with them. It describes how some communities build and measure resilience and offers four key actions that communities could take to build and measure their resilience in order to address gaps identified in current community resilience measurement efforts.
The 2017 hurricane season devastated many areas of the nation, several repeatedly. After Hurricane Irma struck the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI), many patients were evacuated to Puerto Rico (PR) to ensure continuity of care. Once Hurricane Maria ravaged PR, however, many USVI residents were evacuated a second time, including renal dialysis patients. This document discusses evacuation from a federal patient movement perspective.
This report considers the extraterritorial efforts of U.S. law enforcement in counterproliferation-related activities and their implications. The following topics are discussed: how the United States contends with violations of its trade controls of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in overseas jurisdictions; the implications for broader U.S. and international nonproliferation efforts; and wider international security and economic concerns.